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MAX1576 Fiches technique(PDF) 6 Page - Maxim Integrated Products

No de pièce MAX1576
Description  480mA White LED 1x/1.5x/2x Charge Pump for Backlighting and Camera Flash
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Fabricant  MAXIM [Maxim Integrated Products]
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MAX1576 Fiches technique(HTML) 6 Page - Maxim Integrated Products

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Data In (Pin 12)
Serial Data Input. The bit stream begins with the MSB and
is shifted in on the low–to–high transition of Clock. When the
device is not cascaded, the bit pattern is either 1 byte (8 bits)
long to change the configuration register or 3 bytes (24 bits)
long to update the display register. For two chips cascaded,
the pattern is either 4 or 6 bytes, respectively. The display
does not change during shifting (until Enable makes a low–
to–high transition) which allows slow serial data rates, if de-
The bit stream needs neither address nor steering bits due
to the innovative BitGrabber registers. Therefore, all bits in
the stream are available to be data for the two registers. Ran-
dom access of either register is provided. That is, the regis-
ters may be accessed in any sequence. Data is retained in
the registers over a supply range of 3 to 5.5 V. Formats are
shown in Figures 8 through 14 and summarized in Table 2.
Information on the segment decoder is given in Table 1.
Data In typically switches near 50% of VDD and has a
Schmitt–triggered input buffer. These features combine to
maximize noise immunity for use in harsh environments and
bus applications. This input can be directly interfaced to
CMOS devices with outputs guaranteed to switch near rail–
to–rail. When interfacing to NMOS or TTL devices, either a
level shifter (MC14504B, MC74HCT04A) or pullup resistor of
1 k
Ω to 10 kΩ must be used. Parameters to be considered
when sizing the resistor are the worst–case IOL of the driving
device, maximum tolerable power consumption, and maxi-
mum data rate.
Clock (Pin 11)
Serial Data Clock Input. Low–to–high transitions on Clock
shift bits available at Data In, while high–to–low transitions
shift bits from Data Out. The chip’s 24–1/2–stage shift regis-
ter is static, allowing clock rates down to dc in a continuous or
intermittent mode. The Clock input does not need to be syn-
chronous with the on–chip clock oscillator which drives the
multiplexing circuit.
Eight clock cycles are required to access the configuration
register, while 24 are needed for the display register when the
MC14489B is not cascaded. See Figures 8 and 9.
As shown in Figure 10, two devices may be cascaded. In
this case, 32 clock cycles access the configuration register
and 48 access the display register, as depicted in Figure 10.
Cascading of 3, 4, 5, and 6 devices is shown in Figures 11,
12, 13, and 14, respectively. Also, reference Table 2.
Clock typically switches near 50% of VDD and has a
Schmitt–triggered input buffer. Slow Clock rise and fall times
are tolerated. See the last paragraph of Data In for more in-
To guarantee proper operation of the power–on
reset (POR) circuit, the Clock pin must NOT be
floated or toggled during power–up. That is, the
Clock pin must be stable until the VDD pin
reaches at least 3 V.
If control of the Clock pin during power–up is not
practical, then the MC14489B must be reset via bit
C0 in the C register. To accomplish this, C0 is re-
set low, then set high.
Enable (Pin 10)
Active–Low Enable Input. This pin allows the MC14489B to
be used on a serial bus, sharing Data In and Clock with other
peripherals. When Enable is in an inactive high state, Data
Out is forced to a known (low) state, shifting is inhibited, and
the port is held in the initialized state. To transfer data to the
device, Enable (which initially must be inactive high) is taken
low, a serial transfer is made via Data In and Clock, and
Enable is taken high. The low–to–high transition on Enable
transfers data to either the configuration or display register,
depending on the data stream length.
Every rising edge on Enable initiates a blanking interval
while data is loaded. Thus, continually loading the device with
the same data may cause the LEDs on some banks to appear
dimmer than others.
Transitions on Enable must not be attempted
while Clock is high. This puts the device out of
synchronization with the microcontroller. Resyn-
chronization occurs when Enable is high and
Clock is low.
This input is also Schmitt–triggered and switches near 50%
of VDD, thereby minimizing the chance of loading erroneous
data in the registers. See the last paragraph of Data In for
more information.
Data Out (Pin 18)
Serial Data Output. Data is transferred out of the shift regis-
ter through Data Out on the high–to–low transition of Clock.
This output is a no connect, unless used in one of the man-
ners discussed below.
When cascading MC14489B’s, Data Out feeds Data In of the
next device per Figures 10, 11, 12, 13, and 14.
Data Out could be fed back to an MCU/MPU to perform a
wrap–around test of serial data. This could be part of a sys-
tem check conducted at power–up to test the integrity of the
system’s processor, pc board traces, solder joints, etc.
The pin could be monitored at an in–line Q.A. test during
board manufacturing.
Finally, Data Out facilitates troubleshooting a system.
Rx (Pin 8)
External Current–Setting Resistor. A resistor tied between
this pin and ground (VSS) determines the peak segment drive
current delivered at pins a through h. Pin 8’s resistor ties into
a current mirror with an approximate current gain of 10 when
bit D23 = high (brighten). With D23 = low, the peak current is
reduced about 50%. Values for Rx range from 700
Ω to infin-
ity. When Rx =
∞ (open circuit), the display is extinguished.
For proper current control, resistors having
± 1% tolerance
should be used. See Figure 7.
Small Rx values may cause the chip to overheat
if precautions are not observed. See Thermal

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