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LM-338K Datasheet(Fiches technique) 6 Page - Linear Technology

Numéro de pièce LM-338K
Description  5A Positive Adjustable Voltage Regulator
Télécharger  12 Pages
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Fabricant  LINER [Linear Technology]
Site Internet  http://www.linear.com
Logo LINER - Linear Technology

LM-338K Datasheet(HTML) 6 Page - Linear Technology

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LT138A/LT338A
LM138/LM338
For example, using 2% resistors and
±4% tolerance for
VREF, calculations will show that the expected range of a
5V regulator design would be 4.66V
≤ VOUT ≤ 5.36V or
approximately
±7%. If the same example were used for a
15V regulator, the expected tolerance would be
±8%.With
these results most applications required some method of
trimming, usually a trim pot. This solution is both expen-
sive and not conductive to volume production.
One of the enhancements of Linear Technology’s adjust-
able regulators over existing devices is the tightened
initial tolerance of VREF. This allows relatively inexpen-
sive 1% or 2% film resistors to be used for R1 and R2 to
set the output voltage within an acceptable tolerance.
With a guaranteed 1% reference, a 5V power supply
design, using
±2% resistors, would have a worst-case
manufacturing tolerance of
±4%. If 1% resistors are used,
the tolerance will drop to
±2.5%. A plot of the worst-case
output voltage tolerance as a function of resistor tolerance
is shown on the front page of this data sheet.
For convenience, a table of standard 1% resistor values is
shown in Table 1.
Table 1. 0.5% and 1% Standard Resistance Values
1.00
1.47
2.15
3.16
4.64
6.81
1.02
1.50
2.21
3.24
4.75
6.98
1.05
1.54
2.26
3.32
4.87
7.15
1.07
1.58
2.32
3.40
4.99
7.32
1.10
1.62
2.37
3.48
5.11
7.50
1.13
1.65
2.43
3.57
5.23
7.68
1.15
1.69
2.49
3.65
5.36
7.87
1.18
1.74
2.55
3.74
5.49
8.06
1.21
1.78
2.61
3.83
5.62
8.25
1.24
1.82
2.67
3.92
5.76
8.45
1.27
1.87
2.74
4.02
5.90
8.66
1.30
1.91
2.80
4.12
6.04
8.87
1.33
1.96
2.87
4.22
6.19
9.09
1.37
2.00
2.94
4.32
6.34
9.31
1.40
2.05
3.01
4.42
6.49
9.53
1.43
2.10
3.09
4.53
6.65
9.76
Standard resistance values are obtained from the Decade Table by
multiplying by multiples of 10. As an example, 1.21 can represent 1.21
Ω,
12.1
Ω, 121Ω, 1.21k etc.
Bypass Capacitors
Input bypassing using a 1
µF tantalum or 25µf electrolytic
is recommended when the input filter capacitors are more
than 5 inches from the device. Improved ripple rejection
APPLICATIONS INFORMATION
(80dB) can be accomplished by adding a 10
µF capacitor
from the ADJ pin to ground. Increasing the size of the
capacitor to 20
µF will help ripple rejection at low output
voltage since the reactance of this capacitor should be
small compared to the voltage setting resistor, R2. For
improved AC transient response and to prevent the possi-
bility of oscillation due to unknown reactive load, a 1
µF
capacitor is also recommended at the output. Because of
their low impedance at high frequencies, the best type of
capacitor to use is solid tantalum.
Protection Diodes
The LT138A/LT338A do not require a protection diode
from the adjustment terminal to the output (see Figure 2).
Improved internal circuitry eliminates the need for this
diode when the adjustment pin is bypassed with a capaci-
tor to improve ripple rejection.
If a very large output capacitor is used, such as a 100
µF
shown in Figure 2, the regulator could be damaged or
destroyed if the input is accidentally shorted to ground or
crowbarred, due to the output capacitor discharging into
the output terminal of the regulator. To prevent this, a
diode D1 as shown, is recommended to safely discharge
the capacitor.
LT338A
D1
1N4002
VIN
R1
NOT
NEEDED
138A/338A F02
VOUT
ADJ
VOUT
VIN
R2
CADJ
10
µF
COUT
100
µF
+
Figure 2
Load Regulation
Because the LT138A is a three-terminal device, it is not
possible to provide true remote load sensing. Load regu-
lation will be limited by the resistance of the wire connect-
ing the regulator to the load. The data sheet specification
for load regulation is measured at the bottom of the
package. Negative side sensing is a true Kelvin connec-
tion, with the bottom of the output divider returned to the


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