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AD5024 Fiches technique(PDF) 15 Page - Analog Devices

No de pièce AD5024
Description  2.7 V to 5.5 V, Serial-Input, Voltage-Output, 12-/16-Bit DAC
Download  24 Pages
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Fabricant  AD [Analog Devices]
Site Internet  http://www.analog.com
Logo AD - Analog Devices

AD5024 Fiches technique(HTML) 15 Page - Analog Devices

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AD5512A/AD5542A
Rev. A | Page 15 of 24
THEORY OF OPERATION
The AD5512A/AD5542A are single, 12-/16-bit, serial input,
voltage output DACs. They operate from a single supply
ranging from 2.7 V to 5 V and consume typically 125 µA
with a supply of 5 V. Data is written to these devices in a
12-bit (AD5512A) or 16-bit (AD5542A) word format, via a
3- or 4-wire serial interface. To ensure a known power-up
state, these parts are designed with a power-on reset function.
In unipolar mode, the output is reset to midscale; in bipolar
mode, the output is set to 0 V. Kelvin sense connections for the
reference and analog ground are included on the AD5512A/
AD5542A.
DIGITAL-TO-ANALOG SECTION
The DAC architecture consists of two matched DAC sections.
A simplified circuit diagram is shown in Figure 30. The DAC
architecture of the AD5512A/AD5542A is segmented. The four
MSBs of the 16-bit (AD5542A)/12-bit (AD5512A) data-word
are decoded to drive 15 switches, E1 to E15. Each switch
connects one of 15 matched resistors to either AGND or VREF.
The remaining 12 bits of the data-word drive the S0 to S11
switches of a 12-bit voltage mode R-2R ladder network.
2R . . . . .
S1 . . . . .
2R
S11
2R
E1
2R . . . . .
E2 . . . . .
2R
2R
S0
2R
E15
R
R
VREF
VOUT
12-BIT R-2R LADDER
FOUR MSBs DECODED
INTO 15 EQUAL SEGMENTS
Figure 30. DAC Architecture
With this type of DAC configuration, the output impedance
is independent of code, while the input impedance seen by
the reference is heavily code dependent. The output voltage is
dependent on the reference voltage, as shown in the following
equation:
N
REF
OUT
D
V
V
2
×
=
where:
D is the decimal data-word loaded to the DAC register.
N is the resolution of the DAC.
For a reference of 2.5 V, the equation simplifies to the following:
536
,
65
5
.
2
D
VOUT
×
=
This gives a VOUT of 1.25 V with midscale loaded, and 2.5 V
with full scale loaded to the DAC.
The LSB size is VREF/65,536.
SERIAL INTERFACE
The AD5512A/AD5542A are controlled by a versatile 3- or 4-
wire serial interface that operates at clock rates of up to 50 MHz
and is compatible with SPI, QSPI, MICROWIRE, and DSP
interface standards. The timing diagram is shown in Figure 3.
Input data is framed by the chip select input, CS. After a high-
to-low transition on CS, data is shifted synchronously and
latched into the input register on the rising edge of the serial
clock, SCLK. Data is loaded MSB first in 12-bit (AD5512A)
or 16-bit (AD5542A) words. After 12 (AD5512A) or 16
(AD5542A) data bits have been loaded into the serial input
register, a low-to-high transition on CS transfers the contents
of the shift register to the DAC. Data can be loaded to the part
only while CS is low.
The AD5512A/AD5542A have an LDAC function that allows
the DAC latch to be updated asynchronously by bringing LDAC
low after CS goes high. LDAC should be maintained high while
data is written to the shift register. Alternatively, LDAC can be
tied permanently low to update the DAC synchronously. With
LDAC tied permanently low, the rising edge of CS loads the data to
the DAC.
UNIPOLAR OUTPUT OPERATION
These DACs are capable of driving unbuffered loads of 60 kΩ.
Unbuffered operation results in low supply current, typically
300 μA, and a low offset error. The AD5512A/AD5542A
provide a unipolar output swing ranging from 0 V to VREF.
The AD5512A/AD5542A can be configured to output both
unipolar and bipolar voltages. Figure 31 shows a typical
unipolar output voltage circuit. The code table for this
mode of operation is shown in Table 9.
VOUT
REFS
REFF
DGND AGNDF
VDD
DIN
SCLK
LDAC
CS
AD5512A/
AD5542A
AD820/
OP196
AGNDS
0.1µF
0.1µF
10µF
UNIPOLAR
OUTPUT
EXTERNAL
OP AMP
2.5V
5V
SERIAL
INTERFACE
Figure 31. Unipolar Output
Table 9. AD5542A Unipolar Code Table
DAC Latch Contents
MSB
LSB
Analog Output
1111 1111 1111 1111
V
REF × (65,535/65,536)
1000 0000 0000 0000
V
REF × (32,768/65,536) = ½ VREF
0000 0000 0000 0001
V
REF × (1/65,536)
0000 0000 0000 0000
0 V


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