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TC649B Datasheet(Fiches technique) 20 Page - Microchip Technology

Numéro de pièce TC649B
Description  PWM Fan Speed Controllers With Auto-Shutdown, Fan Restart and FanSense™ Technology for Fault Detection
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Fabricant  MICROCHIP [Microchip Technology]
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 20 page
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DS21755C-page 20
 2002-2013 Microchip Technology Inc.
TABLE 5-1:
The values listed in Table 5-1 are for fans that have the
fan current waveshape shown in Figure 4-7. With this
waveshape, the average fan current is closer to the
peak value, which requires the resistor value to be
higher. When using a fan that has the fan current wave-
shape shown in Figure 4-6, the resistor value can often
be decreased since the current peaks are higher than
the average and it is the AC portion of the voltage that
gets coupled to the SENSE pin.
The key point when selecting an RSENSE value is to try
to minimize the value in order to minimize the power
dissipation in the resistor. In order to do this, it is critical
to know the waveshape of the fan current and not just
the average value.
Figure 5-4 shows some typical waveforms for the fan
current and the voltage at the SENSE pin.
Typical Fan Current and
SENSE Pin Waveforms.
Another important factor to consider when selecting the
RSENSE value is the fan current value during a locked-
rotor condition. When a fan is in a locked-rotor condi-
tion (fan blades are stopped even though power is
being applied to the fan), the fan current can increase
dramatically (often 2.5 to 3.0 times the normal operat-
ing fan current). This will effect the power rating of the
RSENSE resistor selected.
When selecting the fan for the application, the current
draw of the fan during a locked-rotor condition should
be considered. Especially if multiple fans are being
used in the application.
There are two main types of fan designs when looking
at fan current draw during a locked-rotor condition.
The first is a fan that will simply draw high DC currents
when put into a locked-rotor condition. Many older fans
were designed this way. An example of this is a fan that
draws an average current of 100 mA during normal
operation. In a locked-rotor condition, this fan will draw
250 mA of average current. For this design, the
RSENSE power rating must be sized to handle the
250 mA condition. The fan bias supply must also take
this into account.
The second style design, which represents many of the
newer fan designs today, acts to limit the current in a
locked-rotor condition by going into a pulse mode of
operation. An example of the fan current waveshape
for this style fan is shown in Figure 5-5. The fan repre-
sented in Figure 5-5 is a Panasonic®, 12V, 220 mA fan.
During the on-time of the waveform, the fan current is
peaking up to 550 mA. Due to the pulse mode opera-
tion, the actual RMS current of the fan is very near the
220 mA rating. Because of this, the power rating for the
RSENSE resistor does not have to be oversized for this
Nominal Fan Current

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